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Hair Cortisol References

Dettenborn L et al.  Introducing a novel method to assess cumulative steroid concentrations: Increased hair cortisol concentrations over 6 months in medicated patients with depression. Stress. 2011; doi: 10.3109/10253890.2011.619239

Hinkelmann K et al. Association Between Childhood Trauma and Low Hair Cortisol in Depressed Patients and Healthy Control Subjects. Biol Psychiatry.  2013;74:e15-e17.

Feller S, Vigl M, Bergmann M et al.  Predictors of hair cortisol concentrations in older adults. Psychoneuroendocrinology. 2010. Oct;34(9):1404-9.  doi:10.1016/j.psyneuen.2010.04006. Epub 2010 May 14.

Grassi-Oliveira R, Pezzi JC, Daruy-Filho L, et al.  Hair cortisol and stressful life events retrospective assessment in crack cocaine users.  Am J Drug Alcohol Abuse 2012 Nov;38(6):535-8. doi:10.3109/00952990.2012.694538.E pub 2012 Jul 3.

Luo H. et al Hair Cortisol Level as a Biomarker for Altered Hypothalamic-Pituitary-Adrenal Activity in Female Adolescents with Posttraumatic Stress Disorder After the 2008 Wenchuan Earthquake. Biol Psychiatry 2012;72:65–69

MacEwan B.  Allostasis and Allostatic Load: Implications for Neuropsychopharmacology. Neuropsychopharmacol. 2000;22(2): 108-24

Manenschijn L, van Kruysbergen RG, de Jong FH, et al.  Shift work at young age is associated with elevated long-term cortisol levels and body mass index.  J Clin Endocrinol Metab 2011 Nov;96(11):E1862-5. doi: 10.1210/jc.2011-1551. Epub 2011 Aug 31.

Manenschijn L. Long-term cortisol in bipolar disorder: Associations with age of onset and psychiatric co-morbidity. Psychoneuroendocrinology. 2012;37(12):1960-68.

Manenschijn L, Schaap L, van Schoor NM, et al.  High long-term cortisol levels, measured in scalp hair, are associated with a history of cardiovascular disease.  J Clin Endocrinol Metab 2013 May;98(5):2078-83. doi: 10.1210/jc.2012-3663. Epub 2013 Apr 17

Miller GE, Chen E, Zhou ES.  If It Goes Up, Must It Come Down?  Chronic Stress and the Hypothalamic-Pituitary-Adrenal Axis in Humans. Psychol Bull.  2007;133(1):25-45

Pereg D, Gow R, Mosseri M, et al.  Hair cortisol and the risk for acute myocardial infarction in adult men.  Stress 2011 Jan;14(1):73-81. doi: 10.3109/10253890.2010.511352. Epub 2010 Sep 2.

Pereg D, Chan J, Russell E, et al.  Cortisol and testosterone in hair as biological markers of systolic heart failure.  Psychoneuroendocrinology 2013 Aug 21. pii: S0306-4530(13)00265-5. doi: 10.1016/j.psyneuen.2013.07.015. [Epub ahead of print]

Skoluda N, Dettenborn L, Stalder T, Kirschbaum C.  Elevated hair cortisol concentrations in endurance athletes.  Psychoneuroendocrinology 2012 May;37(5):611-7. doi: 10.1016/j.psyneuen.2011.09.001. Epub 2011 Sep 25.

Russell E, Koren G, Reider M, Van Uum S.  Hair cortisol as a biological marker of chronic stress: Current status, future directions and unanswered questions.  Psychoneuroendocrinology (2011), doi:10.1016/j.psyneuen.2011.09.009

Russell E, Koren G, Rieder M, van Uum SH. The Detection of Cortisol in Human Sweat: Implications for Measurement of Cortisol in Hair.  Ther Drug Monit 2013 Nov 8. [Epub ahead of print]

Stalder T, Kirschbaum C, Heinze K, et al.   Use of hair cortisol analysis to detect hypercortisolism during active drinking phases in alcohol-dependent individuals.  Biol Psychol 2010 Dec;85(3):357-60. doi: 10.1016/j.biopsycho.2010.08.005. Epub 2010 Aug 19.

Stalder T, Steudte S, Alexander N, et al.  Cortisol in hair, body mass index and stress-related measures.  Biol Psychol 2012 Jul;90(3):218-23. doi: 10.1016/j.biopsycho.2012.03.010. Epub 2012 Mar 28.

Stalder T, Kirschbaum C, Alexander N et al.  Cortisol in hair and the metabolic syndrome.  J Clin Endocrinol Metab 2013 Jun;98(6):2573-80. doi: 10.1210/jc.2013-1056. Epub 2013 Apr 12.

Staufenbiel SM, Penninx BW, Spijker AT, et al.  Hair cortisol, stress exposure, and mental health in humans: a systematic review.  Psychoneuroendocrinology 2013 Aug;38(8):1220-35. doi: 10.1016/j.psyneuen.2012.11.015. Epub 2012 Dec 17.

Steudte S. et al. Increased cortisol concentrations in hair of severely traumatized Ugandan individuals with PTSD. Psychoneuroendocrinology(2011),doi:10.1016/j.psyneuen.2011.02.012

Steudte S et al. Decreased hair cortiol concentrations in generailsed anxiety disorder. Psychiatry Research. 2011; 186:310–314

van Uum SH, Sauvé B, Fraser LA, et al.  Elevated content of cortisol in hair of patients with severe chronic pain: a novel biomarker for stress.  Stress 2008 Nov;11(6):483-8. doi: 10.1080/10253890801887388.

Wosu AC, Valdimarsdóttir U, Shields AE, et al. Correlates of cortisol in human hair: implications for epidemiologic studies on health effects of chronic stress. Ann Epidemiol 2013 Oct 5. pii: S1047-2797(13)00372-4. doi: 10.1016/j.annepidem.2013.09.006. [Epub ahead of print]